July 28, 2015
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House Passage

Senate Passage

Conference Report



Click on the Dates for Links to Bill Information







May 30





June 20





July 10




Financial Services

July 16




Homeland Security















Legislative Branch

May 1




Military Construction-Veterans

April 30




State-Foreign Ops






June 10




1st Continuing Resolution


Note:  Although Congress failed to adopt a Budget Resolution setting overall
spending and revenue levels by the May 15 deadline, section 303 of the Budget Act
nevertheless permits the House to proceed with action on appropriations bills.


  • October 31, 2013: In a rare, joint letter Chairman Harold Rogers (K-Ky) and Chairwoman Barbara Mikulski (D-Md), of the House and Senate Appropriations Committees, respectively, asked the leaders of the ongoing budget conference to settle on a topline appropriations number for 2014 before Thanksgiving, but certainly no later than December 2d. The two chairs said, "we believe that if an agreement on a discretionary spending number can be reached early, it will allow for more thoughtful and responsible spending decisions." Text of Appropriations Letter However, the House and Senate budget plans for FY 2014 are far apart -- $91 billion -- on their funding levels for 2014.

  • October 18, 2013: President Obama signed into law a measure that ended the government shutdown and temporarily funds the federal government through January 15, 2014 at the sequester-reduced levels in effect at the end of FY 2013. Senate Appropriations Committee Summary

Projected Spending for Major Budget Categories

Latest spending projections: CBO's May 2013 Update

Federal Spending on the Government’s Major Health Care Programs Is Projected to Rise Substantially Relative to GDP (link to Blog)

Federal Spending for Everything Other Than Major Health Care Programs, Social Security, and Net Interest (link to Blog)

The $3.6 Trillion Federal Budget breaks down as follows in FY 2012:

  • Defense Spending: $708 billion

  • Other Mandatory (Entitlement) Spending: $473 billion

    "Mandatory spending," as the words imply, is not discretionary, in the sense that Congress does not make annual decisions on how much to appropriate to these programs. Most mandatory spending is comprised of "entitlement programs," the costs of which are driven by benefit or payment formulas written into the law. Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid are the largest mandatory spending programs comprising 43% of the budget, as displayed in the pie chart above.

    Other mandatory spending comprises 13% of the budget, the largest of which are projected to cost the following in FY 2012:

    • Federal Civilian Retirement: $87 billion
    • Food Stamps (now known as "SNAP"): $80 billion
    • Earned Income and Child Tax Credits: $79 billion (taxpayers receive "refunds" larger than their tax liabilities)
    • Unemployment Compensation: $77 billion (has increased dramatically due to high unemployment)
    • Veterans Benefits: $71 billion
    • Military Retirement: $49 billion
    • Supplement Security Income: $47 billion (minimum monthly benefit for aged, blind and disabled who are not covered by Social Security)
    • Family Support: $25 billion (includes the state-run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program which replaced welfare in the 1990s, child support enforcement, and child care)
    • Child Nutrition: $19 billion (includes school lunches, school breakfasts, and other child and adult care food programs)
    • TARP (troubled asset relief program): $16 billion
    • Farm programs: $13 billion
    • Children's Health Insurance Progarm (CHIP): $9 billion

  • Interest on the Debt: $238 billion (interest paid to holders of U.S. securities, about half of which are foreign-owned)

  • Everything Else: $634 billion (often known as "non-defense discretionary" -- Includes law enforcement, veterans health care, homeland security, education, prisons, NASA, disease and epidemic control, highways & bridges, food and drug inspection, disaster relief, airports, health research, housing assistance, and many other functions of government. Following are non-defense discretionary programs funded at over $1 billion in FY 2012.

    -- CRS Analysis of Federal R&D Funding (Across Federal Agencies)

Non-defense Programs/Categories funded at over $1 billion per year

Budget Function
(Category of Spending)
Program or Program Categories FY 2010
(rounded to nearest billion)
International Affairs  
  Development & Humanitarian $32 billion
  Embassies and related costs $16 billion
  Security Assistance $6 billion
  Foreign Information/Exchanges $2 billion
General Science, Space & Technology  
  NASA $18 billion
  NSF: funds basic research $7 billion
  Dept, of Energy Science Programs $5 billion
  Homeland Security Science & Tech $1 billion
  Fossil, nuclear, renewable research $3 billion
Natural Resources & Environment  
  EPA (clear air, water, toxic wastes) $10 billion
  Corps of Engineers Water Projects $5 billion
  Forest Service $5 billion
  Recreational Resources $3 billion
  Fish & Wildlife Service $2 billion
  Bur. of Reclamation (dams, hydroelectric) $1 billion
  Management of Public Lands $1 billion
  Conservation Operations $1 billion
  Farm Income Stabilization $2 billion
  Research & Education $2 billion
  Animal and Plant Inspection $1 billion
  Nat'l Institute of Standards & Technology $1 billion
  Small and Minority Business Assist. $1 billion
  Highways $27 billion
  Airports and Airways (FAA) $12 billion
  Marine Safety and Transportation $8 billion
  Transportation Security Admin. $5 billion
Community Development & Disaster Relief  
  Disaster Relief $5 billion
  FEMA State and Local Grants $4 billion
  Community Development $4 billion
  Indian Programs $2 billion
  Rural Development $1 billion
  Disaster Assistance Grants $1 billion
Legislative, Executive Branches  
  Internal Revenue Service $12 billion
  House, Senate, GAO, Lib. of Congress, GPO $4 billion
  White House, DC Govt, Other Exec. Branch $4 billion
Education, Employment & Training, Social Services  
  Grants to Schools in High Poverty Areas $16 billion
  Special Education (children w/disabilities) $13 billion
  Children, Family & Aging Services $11 billion
  Training and Employment Services $8 billion
  Innovation & Improvement, Charter Schools $5 billion
  Higher Education and Student Aid $5 billion
  Library of Congress, СРВ, Smithsonian $4 billion
  Vocational and Adult Education $2 billion
  Indian Education $1 billion
  AmeriCorps, Senior Service Corps $1 billion
  Impact Aid (payments to states/cities) $1 billion
Health (other an Medicare, Medicaid and CHIP)  
  National Institutes of Health $31 billion
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention $6 billion
  Indian Health $4 billion
  Mental Health, Substance Abuse (SAMHSA) $3 billion
  Community Health Centers $2 billion
  Ryan White AIDS Grants $2 billion
  Food and Drug Inspection $2 billion
  Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA) $1 billion
  Occupational and Mine Safety and Health $1 billion
Social Security & Medicare (Administrative Costs)  
  Social Security Admin. $6 billion
  Medicare Admin, anti-fraud initiatives $6 billion
Income Security and Housing  
  Rental Housing Assistance (Section 8) $27 billion
  Public Housing $7 billion
  WIC: Nutrition for Women, Infants, Children $7 billion
  LIHEAP: Low Income Home Energy Assistance $5 billion
  Unemployment Insurance: Admin. Expenses $4 billion
  Homeless Assistance $2 billion
  Child Care Block Grant $2 billion
Veterans Benefits and Services  
  Veterans Health Care $47 billion
  VA Administration $6 billion
Law Enforcement, Prisons, Administration of Justice  
  Border and Transportation Security $18 billion
  Federal Litigation and Judicial Activities $11 billion
  Federal Prison System $8 billion
  Criminal Investigations (FBI, DEA, DHS) $6 billion
  State and Local Law Enforcement Grants $2 billion
  Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF) $1 billion
  Secret Service $1 billion


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