October 8, 2015
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 A Publication of The Federal Budget Group LLC, Charles S. Konigsberg, President

Appropriations, Spending Caps, CRs and Government Shutdown

Overview of the FY 2016 Continuing Resolution

Appropriations Process

Continuing Resolutions: Components and Recent Practices

Causes and Effects of Government Shutdown

Funding Gaps and Government Shutdowns

Implications of a Full Year Continuing Resolution

CRs in a Nutshell (Treasury)

2015 Shutdown Preparations:

Dept. of Labor





Conference Report



For details on Appropriations Bills:
Click on Bill Numbers for committee action
Click on Dates for Floor Action

Agriculture, Rural Dev, FDA & related

HR 3049

S. 1800




H.R. 2578




H.R. 2685




H.R. 2028



Financial Services
Gen. Gov't

S. 1910



Homeland Security

S. 1619




S. 1645




S. 1695



Legislative Branch

H.R. 2250



Military Construction-Veterans

H.R. 2029



State-Foreign Ops

S. 1725




H.R. 2577



1st Continuing Resolution

The Federal Budget breaks down as follows in FY 2015:

  • Defense Spending:
    War Funding and the Budget Control Act

  • Other Mandatory (Entitlement) Spending:

    "Mandatory spending," as the words imply, is not discretionary, in the sense that Congress does not make annual decisions on how much to appropriate to these programs. Most mandatory spending is comprised of "entitlement programs," the costs of which are driven by benefit or payment formulas written into the law. Social Security, Medicare and Medicaid are the largest mandatory spending programs comprising % of the budget, as displayed in the pie chart above.

    Other mandatory spending comprises % of the budget, the largest of which are projected to cost the following in FY 2012:

    • Federal Civilian Retirement: billion
    • Food Stamps (now known as "SNAP"): billion
    • Earned Income and Child Tax Credits: billion (taxpayers receive "refunds" larger than their tax liabilities)
    • Unemployment Compensation: billion (has increased dramatically due to high unemployment)
    • Veterans Benefits: billion
    • Military Retirement: billion
    • Supplement Security Income: billion (minimum monthly benefit for aged, blind and disabled who are not covered by Social Security)
    • Family Support: billion (includes the state-run Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program which replaced welfare in the 1990s, child support enforcement, and child care)
    • Child Nutrition: billion (includes school lunches, school breakfasts, and other child and adult care food programs)
    • TARP (troubled asset relief program): billion
    • Farm programs: billion
    • Children's Health Insurance Progarm (CHIP): billion

  • Interest on the Debt: (interest paid to holders of U.S. securities, about half of which are foreign-owned)

  • Everything Else: (often known as "non-defense discretionary" -- Includes law enforcement, veterans health care, homeland security, education, prisons, NASA, disease and epidemic control, highways & bridges, food and drug inspection, disaster relief, airports, health research, housing assistance, and many other functions of government. Following are non-defense discretionary programs funded at over $1 billion in FY 2015.

    -- CRS Analysis of Federal R&D Funding (Across Federal Agencies)

Non-defense Programs/Categories funded at over $1 billion per year
(under construction)

Budget Function
(Category of Spending)
Program or Program Categories FY 2015
(rounded to nearest billion)
International Affairs  
  Development & Humanitarian  
  Embassies and related costs  
  Security Assistance  
  Foreign Information/Exchanges  
General Science, Space & Technology  
  NSF: funds basic research  
  Dept, of Energy Science Programs  
  Homeland Security Science & Tech  
  Fossil, nuclear, renewable research  
Natural Resources & Environment  
  EPA (clear air, water, toxic wastes)  
  Corps of Engineers Water Projects  
  Forest Service  
  Recreational Resources  
  Fish & Wildlife Service  
  Bur. of Reclamation (dams, hydroelectric)  
  Management of Public Lands  
  Conservation Operations  
  Farm Income Stabilization  
  Research & Education  
  Animal and Plant Inspection  
  Nat'l Institute of Standards & Technology  
  Small and Minority Business Assist.  
  Airports and Airways (FAA)  
  Marine Safety and Transportation  
  Transportation Security Admin.  
Community Development & Disaster Relief  
  Disaster Relief  
  FEMA State and Local Grants  
  Community Development  
  Indian Programs  
  Rural Development  
  Disaster Assistance Grants  
Legislative, Executive Branches  
  Internal Revenue Service  
  House, Senate, GAO, Lib. of Congress, GPO  
  White House, DC Govt, Other Exec. Branch  
Education, Employment & Training, Social Services  
  Grants to Schools in High Poverty Areas  
  Special Education (children w/disabilities)  
  Children, Family & Aging Services  
  Training and Employment Services  
  Innovation & Improvement, Charter Schools  
  Higher Education and Student Aid  
  Library of Congress, СРВ, Smithsonian  
  Vocational and Adult Education  
  Indian Education  
  AmeriCorps, Senior Service Corps  
  Impact Aid (payments to states/cities)  
Health (other an Medicare, Medicaid and CHIP)  
  National Institutes of Health  
  Centers for Disease Control and Prevention  
  Indian Health  
  Mental Health, Substance Abuse (SAMHSA)  
  Community Health Centers  
  Ryan White AIDS Grants  
  Food and Drug Inspection  
  Food Safety and Inspection Service (USDA)  
  Occupational and Mine Safety and Health  
Social Security & Medicare (Administrative Costs)  
  Social Security Admin.  
  Medicare Admin, anti-fraud initiatives  
Income Security and Housing  
  Rental Housing Assistance (Section 8)  
  Public Housing  
  WIC: Nutrition for Women, Infants, Children  
  LIHEAP: Low Income Home Energy Assistance  
  Unemployment Insurance: Admin. Expenses  
  Homeless Assistance  
  Child Care Block Grant  
Veterans Benefits and Services  
  Veterans Health Care  
  VA Administration  
Law Enforcement, Prisons, Administration of Justice  
  Border and Transportation Security  
  Federal Litigation and Judicial Activities  
  Federal Prison System  
  Criminal Investigations (FBI, DEA, DHS)  
  State and Local Law Enforcement Grants  
  Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms (ATF)  
  Secret Service  


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